Shape-lovers! We are pleased to announce that the next MORPH conference (MORPH2017) will be held at Aarhus University, Denmark, from the 4th-5th May. The Department of Archaeology at Aarhus Univers…
A search for unmarked graves in the state-owned right of way and underneath the pavement of State Highway 332 resulted in the discovery and archeological excavation of 11 unmarked graves associated with Pioneer Cemetery, an African American burial ground in Brazoria, Texas. Prewitt and Associates, Inc., conducted the fieldwork for the Texas Department of Transportation’s Archeological Studies Program. Between 2008 and 2012, the 11 unmarked graves were discovered, exhumed, analyzed, and then reinterred in Pioneer Cemetery in September 2012. This report describes the bioarcheological investigations of those burials along with 3 other unmarked burials that were previously exhumed and reburied in 2003. The mortuary remains, especially the manufacturing dates on the coffin hardware, indicate that the 14 exhumed burials date to the late-nineteenth century and early-twentieth centuries. Based on the osteological evidence, the deceased persons were 5 women, 2 men, 2 indeterminate adults, and 5 children. Seven of the 14 individuals display skeletal traits indicating that they are of African descent, but 2 indeterminate adults and 5 children do not. Based on historical evidence, it is likely that all 14 individuals were African Americans, and several of the older individuals may have been born into slavery. These 14 burials do not constitute a representative sample of the African Americans in Brazoria County or the town of Brazoria, but they are an interesting and historically significant burial population nonetheless. The overall health status of these people was generally good, with no evidence of abnormally high pathologies. However, skeletal remains of several older individuals exhibited evidence of various forms of degenerative joint disease indicative of lives spent doing hard labor. One adult male had an amputated leg and an iron and wooden prosthesis; it is not known if the loss of his leg was due to violence, accidental trauma, or disease. Several of the Pioneer burials exhibit traits that may represent mortuary behaviors of African origin. Three individuals had vaulted burials, with the casket or coffin located inside a shaft under a protective wooden arch. One adult female was buried with a complete whiteware saucer and a bird talon that was partially wrapped in gold plating and may have been worn as a necklace.
The site 41FY58 was discovered on U.S. 71 in eastern Fayette County and reported in 1973 by the survey archaeologist of the Texas Highway Department. Surface indications were highly encouraging and the site was recommended for extensive investigation.
Source: ‘Excavation of 41FY58, Fayette County, Texas’ by John E. Keller DOI: 10.21112/ita.1974.1.6
When Dr. Selden was scanning pottery and artifacts from the collections earlier this year he took time to record a few of the spectacular bones from our many kills at the Clovis site. Here is a movable 3D scan of a partial Bison antiquus skull found in Clovis context. If that’s not interesting, I don’t […]
Now available on SocArXiv – download here. The paper includes a 3D figure–preprint must be downloaded then opened in your PDF viewer to activate the 3D model. Learn more about how to interact with a 3D PDF here. Many thanks to the folks at the Open Science Framework, SocArXiv and Overleaf. This data paper is currently in review at the Journal of Texas Archeology and History.
DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/9YD7J | ARK c7605/osf.io/9yd7j
Ceramic vessel ASM 21699; curated in the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona and scanned with a Creaform GoSCAN50.
Many thanks to the faculty and staff of the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona for the requisite permissions and access needed to scan this vessel.
This Caddo bottle comes from 16Sa37 in Northwest Louisiana, is curated at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin, Texas, and was scanned with a GoSCAN20. This vessel will be integrated into our study of Caddo vessel morphology, and these data will be made available through a data paper. Additionally, these scans will eventually be included in the Texas Archeological Society Newsletter, as we received generous funding from the Texas Archeological Society to create the scans.
In addition to those attributes associated with vessel shape, form, allometry and asymmetry, the standard suite of Caddo vessel attributes (sensu Perttula) will be included as we continue our effort to synthesize and examine macro-level trends in the Southern Caddo Area.
Now available on SocArXiv – download here. Click on the image of the first page below for the option to download a preprint of the data paper, and access links to the open access 3D scan data. The paper does include a 3D figure–preprint must be downloaded then opened in your PDF viewer to activate the 3D model. Learn more about how to interact with a 3D PDF here. Many thanks to the folks at the Open Science Framework, SocArXiv and Overleaf. This data paper is currently in review at the Journal of Texas Archeology and History.
DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/7D4K5 | ARK c7605/osf.io/7d4k5
Masked effigy vessel from the Miles Collection at Eastern New Mexico University #ENMU. This vessel, along with many others from ENMU–primarily Playas Red Wares–are the topic of a forthcoming data paper that outlines the hardware, software and methods used to collect these 3D data.