Historic Images from the National Forests and Grasslands in Texas

The photo archive of historic images from the National Forests and Grasslands in Texas  (NFGT) has been digitized, and the images are available for download under a Creative Commons License in ScholarWorks – https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/nfgt_general/

Using modern tools, a composite image of the grounds where the current NFGT Supervisor’s Office resides was assembled, providing a view of that landscape from 1938 (below and header). By using the embedded Google Map, and clicking on show satellite imagery at the bottom left of that map, you can see just how much this site has changed through the years.

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There are some important images associated with regional history that are included in the gallery. A great example of this an image of the El Camino Real that passed through the Sabine National Forest (click on the images below to learn more, including the option to download them at multiple resolutions).

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El Camino Real – Sabine National Forest.
Photographer: Unknown

Another important moment in history for the NFGT was the introduction of prescribed burns. There are a few great images of prescribed fires included in the gallery; however, it appears that they may have a photograph of the first prescribed fire on the Angelina National Forest, along with some of the Civilian Conservation Corps volunteers who were learning how to conduct the burns.

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Controlled burn – Fire #1 – Angelina National Forest.
Photographer: Erwin A. Heers
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Hose Fire CCC – Angelina National Forest.
Photographer: Unknown

Another noteworthy image is of the first house that was built in Shelby County, Texas. There are several other images of local architecture that are included in the gallery, to include the interior of the first Protestant Church in East Texas, examples of special use cabins, and some images of the Aldridge Saw Mill ruins in 1935.

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The first house to be built in Shelby County, Texas – Built about 150 years ago [before the image was taken in 1938]. Photo shows present tenant and her youngest child – Close to Sabine National Forest.
Photographer: Muir, Bluford

For the archaeologists and historians, there is even an early (ca. 1938) image of Mound C at the George C. Davis site included in the gallery, which is not restricted only to the forests, but also includes additional historic images from the surrounding area.

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Davis Site – Mound C- An Indian Mound of the Neches [Caddo] Indians. This mound is located close to Kings Highway, Route 21, and is just outside the boundary of Davy Crockett National Forest. Recreational Assistant Heers is standing on top of the mound. The Indians were expelled from here in 1839 – Near Davy Crockett National Forest.
Photographer: Muir, Bluford

In total, there are over 1500 images included in the digital gallery. The images are organized chronologically (earliest images will be in the last pages), and those images without a date appear in the first few pages. I encourage you to browse the gallery, and share or download some of these important records of local regional heritage.

This project was funded through Participating Agreement 15-PA-11081300-32 between the Center for Regional Heritage Research at Stephen F. Austin State University, and the National Forests and Grasslands in Texas. All images are available for download on ScholarWorks, and are distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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Nova Publicação para Cerâmica Calderon

 

Valentin Calderón figura como um dos pioneiros da arqueologia no Nordeste do Brasil. Membro do Programa Nacional de Pesquisas Arqueológicas entre as décadas de 1960 e 70, foi responsável pelos levantamentos sistemáticos nos sítios arqueológicos do estado da Bahia e identificou a tradição cerâmica Aratu. Calderón foi também o idealizador do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia (MAE/UFBA), que hoje salvaguarda sua coleção arqueológica e seu arquivo pessoal. Em uma parceria realizada com pesquisadores do Center for Regional Heritage Research da Stephen F. Austin University, Texas, EUA, os artefatos cerâmicos da coleção Valentin Calderón foram digitalizados através do uso de tecnologias 3D. No total, foram escaneados 27 objetos cerâmicos, dentre vasilhames e urnas funerárias. A iniciativa ofereceu subsídios para pensar a digitalização como forma de preservação, principalmente no que se refere à conservação e restauração, documentação e comunicação do acervo. Os modelos 3D resultantes do processo de digitalização permitem uma análise detalhada dos artefatos e obtenção de dados sem a manipulação direta, contribuindo de forma relevante para a preservação dos acervos. Os dados e modelos serão, em breve, disponibilizados para a pesquisa e também utilizados na nova exposição de longa duração do MAE/UFBA.

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New publications in the Journal of Texas Archeology and History

The first two peer-reviewed data papers have just been published in the Journal of Texas Archeology and History, detailing the hardware, software and methods used to generate these two important datasets. This helps to keep the data collection process transparent, and ensures that we are following best practices in terms of data collection, processing and digital curation. These data papers are open access; simply click on the image of the cover page to be transferred to each.

Many thanks to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory and the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for the requisite permissions and access needed to generate the scans.

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Article Published in Advances in Archaeological Practice

The article was recently published in the current edition of Advances in Archaeological Practice, and is focused upon the documentation and analysis of Caddo NAGPRA vessels from the Vanderpool site in East Texas. This effort was the pilot study for a much larger/broader study of Caddo ceramic vessels that will begin later this summer. We are very grateful for the comments and constructive criticisms that developed in our discussion of this project, and hope that you enjoy the article.

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The article is available for download on the Advances in Archaeological Practice website (here), and in our institutional repository (here).

A special thanks to Mr. Robert Cast of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma and Mrs. Patti Haskins and the Gregg County Historical Museum for allowing access to this collection of NAGPRA vessels.

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