‘Culture and Climactic Change in Central Texas’ by Joel Gunn and Royce Mahula


In the following discussions the paleoecology of Central Texas will be elucidated given the present state of knowledge. Global climatic variables and modern Fredericksburg weather data are used to obtain a better understanding of climatic change. At a more specific level, the environmental characteristics of Gillespie County are studied; and, finally, the environment and culture of the Hop Hill locality are conjoined to the whole.

Source: ‘Special Report, No. 5’ by Joel Gunn and Royce Mahula


‘1999 Reburial at Mission San Juan Capistrano, San Antonio, Texas’ by Steve A. Tomka and José E. Zapata


On November 15, 1999, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR), The University of Texas at San Antonio, returned 122 curation boxes containing human remains of between 103 and 125 individuals to Monsignor Balthazar Janacek, Archdiocese Director, Old Spanish Missions. These remains had been obtained during two previous Witte Memorial Museum excavations at Mission San Juan Capistrano. Subsequently, CAR returned the majority of the burial goods associated with these human remains to Monsignor Janacek. CAR then entered into an agreement with the Archdiocese of San Antonio to locate and monitor the excavation of the two reburial areas that were to coincide with two previously excavated areas. The location and monitoring of the reburial areas began on November 22, 1999. The reburial of the human remains and associated artifacts occurred on November 27, 1999. Present at the reburial ceremony were representatives of the Archdiocese of San Antonio, the National Park Service, the American Indians of Texas at the Spanish Colonial Missions, a member of CAR, and member of the press and public.



‘Documentation of the San Pedro Acequia (41BX337) at Trevino Street, Sa’ by I. Waynne Cox


In August 1994, the Center for Archaeological Research entered into a contract with the San Antonio Parks and Recreation Department to provide monitoring for the Trevino Street improvements immediately to the north of San Fernando Cathedral in downtown San Antonio. Previous investigations had shown that the stone-lined San Pedro acequia existed at the curb line on Main Avenue.

Monitoring was conducted as the street surface was removed and, as expected, the acequia was exposed. The location of the acequia was documented by photography and measured drawings. A plan map of the location was produced and archival research revealed the history of the channel at this location.

Source: ‘Documentation of the San Pedro Acequia (41BX337) at Trevino Street, Sa’ by I. Waynne Cox


‘Test Excavations at 41HE257, Henderson County, Texas’ by E. Frances Gadus


Personnel from Prewitt and Associates, Inc., conducted test excavations at 41HE257, a prehistoric site located in central Henderson County. This work was conducted for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Environmental Affairs Division, since part of the site is within the right of way for the southern expansion of FM 317, the Athens Loop. The work was done under Texas Antiquities Permit No. 3070 and all materials collected and records generated are curated at the Texas Archeological Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin. The excavations showed that the site is shallow and contains few lithics or ceramic artifacts, limited botanical remains, no faunal remains, and only one possible rock feature. One radiocarbon assay indicates the presence of an early Late Prehistoric component. However, that component could be mixed with earlier and later materials, and definition of discrete components is not possible. As such, the site has little capacity to yield important information and is considered ineligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or designation as a State Archeological Landmark.

Source: ‘Test Excavations at 41HE257, Henderson County, Texas’ by E. Frances Gadus


New ITA Publication

Cultural resources management (CRM) reports represent a rapidly growing proportion of our knowledge associated with archaeological undertakings in the United States. Historically, these reports were printed in limited numbers and distributed to a few libraries and individuals, and few were distributed beyond the political boundaries of any given state. Libraries on the distribution list are reticent to allow patrons to check out these reports due to the fact that they have—and will only ever have—a single copy. Late in 2009, the Texas Historical Commission (THC) permitting guidelines for CRM reports were updated, requiring CRM contractors to submit a digital copy of a redacted (no site locations or photographs of human remains) report before their permits could be closed. These reports, the lion’s share of which were funded with public monies, were meant to be made publicly accessible and should be available.


The Index of Texas Archaeology (ITA) is your source for open access archaeological reports from projects conducted throughout the State of Texas. The digital reports can be read on the ITA site or downloaded to your computer at no cost. All authors retain, at minimum, a Creative Commons Attribution license to their work, meaning that they, and in some instances the funding agency, must be credited for original creation.

Licensing information can be found on the cover page for each report. All reports are organized by year (Volume No.), and can be accessed using the drop down menu in the right column. To begin searching for archaeological reports from your area, enter a term in the search bar or click on the Advanced Search tab at the bottom of the right column.

Click here  or on the image of the front page below to read the full article.

To visit the Index of Texas Archaeology, click here.

Read the full article by clicking here, or on the image of the front page above.

Using the suite of tools available to us through bepress means that the Index of Texas Archaeology (ITA) is archived in Portico, and that our content is indexed by Google, Google Scholar, CrossRef, and Altmetric. Digital object identifiers (DOIs) are being assigned to each report using CrossRef, whereby both the report and the references that each report cites—those that have a DOI—are indexed (view ITA records on CrossRef here).

In addition to CrossRef, we are also working with bepress to integrate CrossMark, which will allow readers to ensure that they are citing the most up-to-date content. Any changes in the published version will be noted in the metadata, which can be accessed by clicking on the CrossMark logo. We are also working through the process of implementing the CrossRef API to include cited-by linking, where readers will be able to view those publications that cite each of the ITA reports. This manner of increased accessibility and distribution also helps to ensure that report authors, and those authors whose work is cited in the reports, receive full credit—and accessible metrics—for their efforts, similar to their colleagues in academia.

Click here  or on the image of the front page below to read the full article.

To visit the Index of Texas Archaeology, click here.