Ceramic morphological organisation in the Southern Caddo Area: Quiddity of shape for Hickory Engraved bottles

This study expands upon a previous analysis of the Clarence H. Webb collection that resulted in the identification of two bottle shapes used in the manufacture of the Hickory Engraved type. The current sample of Caddo bottles adduces three-dimensional meshes from the Hickory Engraved specimens in the Webb collection, and 14 new meshes from six sites and one collection. Results confirm that in some cases Hickory Engraved bottle shapes differ significantly by site, that the two shapes identified in the Webb collection persist in this larger sample, and that morphological integration is not significant, meaning that those traits used to characterise bottle shape (rim, neck, body, and base) were not found to vary in a coordinated manner. Thus, these results do not support the hypothesis that Caddo potters adhered to a template of vessel shape associated with specific decorative motifs. When combined with the Webb sample, iterative improvements are achieved, and results demonstrate a general trend toward standardisation in Caddo bottle shapes through time.

Access the article here, or by clicking on the image of the first page below.

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robert z selden jr, geometric morphometrics, ceramics, pottery, shape analysis, geomorph, r, Caddo, American Southeast, archaeology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.08.045

Preprint of new JAS: Reports article available on SocArXiv

The geometric morphometric analysis of Hickory Engraved bottles is currently in press at JAS: Reports, and the preprint is available for download on SocArXiv. The follow-up to this piece integrates a new sample of Smithport Plain Caddo bottles, and will be published in Volume 89 of the Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society. The Hickory Engraved analysis presents an iterative extension of my ongoing work with Caddo ceramic morphology, to which new collections are regularly added. Access the preprint by clicking on the SocArXiv link above, or on the images below.

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Comparison of mean shapes for sites where Hickory Engraved assemblages were found to differ significantly; a, Gahagan Mound (gray) and Belcher Mound; b, Gahagan Mound (gray) and Crenshaw Mound; c, Gahagan Mound (gray) and Haley Place; d, Gahagan Mound (gray) and Paul Mitchell; e, Gahagan Mound (gray) and Pohler Collection; f, Smithport Landing (gray) and Paul Mitchell; and g, Smithport Landing (gray) and Pohler Collection.

This study expands upon a previous analysis of the Clarence H. Webb collection that resulted in the identification of two bottle shapes used in the manufacture of the Hickory Engraved type. The current sample of Caddo bottles adduces three-dimensional meshes from the Hickory Engraved specimens in the Webb collection, and 14 new meshes from six sites and one collection. Results confirm that in some cases Hickory Engraved bottle shapes differ significantly by site, that the two shapes identified in the Webb collection persist in this larger sample, and that morphological integration is not significant, meaning that those traits used to characterise bottle shape (rim, neck, body, and base) were not found to vary in a coordinated manner. Thus, these results do not support the hypothesis that Caddo potters adhered to a template of vessel shape associated with specific decorative motifs. When combined with the Webb sample, iterative improvements are achieved, and results demonstrate a general trend toward standardisation in Caddo bottle shapes through time.

FigCompType.png

Comparison of mean bottle shapes by type for those types found to differ significantly in the Hickory Engraved study; (a) Belcher Engraved (gray) and Hickory Engraved, (b) Belcher Engraved (gray) and Keno Trailed, (c) Belcher Engraved (gray) and Smithport Plain, (d) Hickory Engraved (gray) and Keno Trailed, (e) Hickory Engraved (gray) and Smithport Plain, (f) Keno Trailed (gray) and Smithport Plain, (g) Keno Trailed (gray) and Taylor Engraved, and (h) Smithport Plain (gray) and Taylor Engraved.

Funding for this research was provided by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma and the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training.

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robert z selden jr, computer aided inspection, human mandible, sudan, ct scan, 3d scan, 3d model, 3d surface model, nurbs, deviation, geomagic design x, geomagic control x, sudan, university of colorado boulder, heritage, culture, geometric morphometrics

Advanced 3D Imaging and Morphometrics for Archaeologists

I will be teaching a section of the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training’s Advanced 3D Imaging and Morphometrics for Archaeologists workshop from October 15 – 18, 2018 in the Conservation Laboratory at the Arizona State Museum, on the campus of the University of Arizona.

Other instructors include Bernard K. Means, Loren Davis, and Michael Shott who will be discussing public archaeology and outreach, 3D projectile point analysis, and theory and methods, respectively.

robert z selden jr, archaeology, archeology, geometric morphometric, ceramic, analysis, mathematics, statistics, 3d, 3d scan

The objective of this workshop is to share and discuss the latest uses of 3D imaging of archaeological artifacts in order to improve the utility and precision of analyses that employ 3D data to assess morphological variation. Additional discussions will cover topics related to digital curation and public archaeology, where the utility of 3D scans reach beyond traditional analyses. To accomplish this, we are bringing together selected experts to one location to share their expertise. This four-day event will include lectures, a hands-on practicum, data analysis demonstrations, and discussions of best practices and data curation.

robert z selden jr, caddo, archaeology, ceramic, pot, pottery, geometric morphometrics, shape, size, form, allometry, asymmetry, geomagic design x, culture, heritage, history, museum studies

Find more information, and to register to attend the workshop, click here or follow this link – https://www.ncptt.nps.gov/events/advanced-3d-imaging-and-morphometrics-for-archeologists/.

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Geometric Morphometrics of Caddo bottles in the Clarence H. Webb Collection

Analyses of ceramic vessel shape are neither new or novel; however, the relatively recent adoption of geometric morphometric (GM) methods by archaeologists provides a preview of the contribution of GM to the systematic and rigorous study of morphology as applied to material culture. This study is focused upon an analysis of Caddo bottle shapes for Belcher Engraved, Hickory Fine Engraved, Keno Trailed, Smithport Plain, and Taylor Engraved vessels from the Allen Plantation, Belcher Mound, Gahagan Mound, and Smithport Landing sites in the Clarence H. Webb collections from northwest Louisiana. Results indicate some significant relationships between bottle shape and size (allometry), bottle shape and type, and bottle shape and site. A test of morphological integration indicates that the bottles are significantly integrated, meaning that those discrete traits used to characterise their shape (rim, neck, body, and base) vary in a coordinated manner, highlighting significant integration between suites of attributes. The Smithport Plain and Hickory (Fine) Engraved bottles found at the Belcher Mound, Smithport Landing, and Gahagan Mound sites also provide evidence for two discrete (north–south) base and body shapes.

Access the article here, or by clicking on the image of the first page below.

Ceramic morphological organisation in the Southern Caddo Area: T

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Preprint of New BTAS Article Available on SocArXiv

The preprint of my forthcoming BTAS article that explores morphological variation for a sample of Smithport Plain Caddo bottles is now available for download on SocArXiv. The follow-up to this piece integrates Caddo bottles from the Bison B site in northwest Louisiana curated at Southern Methodist University. This analysis is an iterative extension of my ongoing work with Caddo ceramic morphology, to which new collections are regularly added. Each iterative improvement includes an analysis of the recently scanned ceramics, then presents the results of a subsequent analysis of the aggregated sample.

 

A Preliminary Study of Smithport Plain Bottle Morphology in the

 

Many thanks to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, the Williamson Museum at Northwestern State University, the Louisiana State Exhibit Museum, the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, and the Louisiana State University (LSU) Museum of Natural Science for the requisite permissions and access needed to generate the 3D scans of the Caddo bottles used in this analysis. Development of the analytical workflow and production of 3D scans from the Clarence H. Webb collection was funded by a grant (P14AP00138) from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. Production of 3D scans for repatriated Caddo bottles from the Crenshaw Mound and the Pohler Collection was funded by a grant from the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.

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