Preprint available on SocArXiv

Now available on SocArXiv – download here. The paper includes a 3D figure–preprint must be downloaded then opened in your PDF viewer to activate the 3D model. Learn more about how to interact with a 3D PDF here. Many thanks to the folks at the Open Science Framework, SocArXiv and Overleaf. This data paper is currently in review.

DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/9YD7J | ARK c7605/osf.io/9yd7j

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3D Ceramic Vessel from the Arizona State Museum

Ceramic vessel ASM 21699; curated in the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona and scanned with a Creaform GoSCAN50.

Many thanks to the faculty and staff of the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona for the requisite permissions and access needed to scan this vessel.

Caddo Bottle from 16Sa37 in Northwest Louisiana

This Caddo bottle comes from 16Sa37 in Northwest Louisiana, is curated at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin, Texas, and was scanned with a GoSCAN20. This vessel will be integrated into our study of Caddo vessel morphology, and these data will be made available through a data paper. Additionally, these scans will eventually be included in the Texas Archeological Society Newsletter, as we received generous funding from the Texas Archeological Society to create the scans.

In addition to those attributes associated with vessel shape, form, allometry and asymmetry, the standard suite of Caddo vessel attributes (sensu Perttula) will be included as we continue our effort to synthesize and examine macro-level trends in the Southern Caddo Area.

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Preprint available on SocArXiv

Now available on SocArXiv – download here. Click on the image of the first page below for the option to download a preprint of the data paper, and access links to the open access 3D scan data. The paper does include a 3D figure–preprint must be downloaded then opened in your PDF viewer to activate the 3D model. Learn more about how to interact with a 3D PDF here. Many thanks to the folks at the Open Science Framework, SocArXiv and Overleaf. This data paper is currently in review.

DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/7D4K5 | ARK c7605/osf.io/7d4k5

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3D Masked Effigy Vessel from ENMU

Masked effigy vessel from the Miles Collection at Eastern New Mexico University #ENMU. This vessel, along with many others from ENMU–primarily Playas Red Wares–are the topic of a forthcoming data paper that outlines the hardware, software and methods used to collect these 3D data.

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3D Clovis Point from the Gault Site (Part 4)

This is the last of the scanned Clovis points from the Gault Site in Central Texas. Now that all of the Clovis points have been scanned, post-processed and modeled, we will begin work on a data paper where the hardware, software and methods used for data collection will be detailed. Each scan will now be uploaded to a digital repository where it will be assigned a digital object identifier (DOI) in preparation of making these data open access.

Many thanks to the Gault School of Archaeological Research and Texas State University for the Requisite permissions and access needed to generate these scans.

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3D Ceramics from the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona

Any time that I get to work alongside Dr. Suzanne Eckert is always a treat; so when I received an invitation to visit the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona to scan some ceramics for an upcoming pilot project with her, we made it happen. The vessels in question have a beveled rim/lip, and we will be looking into various ways of using the 3D data to expand upon current dialogues regarding the extent of this practice. And yes folks, those gloves are really purple.

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In addition to the ceramics, I was also able to scan a selection of Clovis points from the Murray Springs and Naco sites. All of the scans will be made available in an open access format soon.

Photos courtesy of the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona.

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New publications in the Journal of Texas Archeology and History

The first two peer-reviewed data papers have just been published in the Journal of Texas Archeology and History, detailing the hardware, software and methods used to generate these two important datasets. This helps to keep the data collection process transparent, and ensures that we are following best practices in terms of data collection, processing and digital curation. These data papers are open access; simply click on the image of the cover page to be transferred to each.

Many thanks to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory and the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for the requisite permissions and access needed to generate the scans.

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3D Clovis Point from the Murray Springs Site

Clovis point ASM A-33111 from the Murray Springs Site, AZ EE:8:25(ASM), curated in the Arizona State Museum at the University of Arizona. Provenience: Location 1, occupation surface.

In addition to the Clovis points, we were also able to scan quite a few ceramic vessels  in advance of a pilot study. More to come on that project, but a preview of one of the scanned vessels can be seen below.

Many thanks to the faculty and staff of the Arizona State Museum for the requisite permissions and access needed to scan this Clovis point.

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3D Scans of Two Frost Town Artifacts

by Douglas K. Boyd, PI
Frost Town Data Recovery Project
Prewitt and Associates, Inc. Project 216007

On August 4, 2016, Robert (Zac) Selden contacted me via email and asked about artifacts we were finding at our Frost Town data recovery excavation in downtown Houston. He had heard about our work and was going to be in Austin soon to do 3D scans of lots of artifacts at TARL.

I corresponded with Zac and we selected a large stoneware jug and a small glass ink jar for 3D scanning. Rob Thrift took these to TARL on August 17, and he was there that day as Zac scanned them. Then Zac sent me an email on August 28 with links to the two scanned artifact images.

Stoneware Jug

Height  =  26.0 cm (10.2 inches)
Diameter  =  18.5 cm (7.3 inches)
Volume  =  4.73 liters (5 quarts)

Provenience:  Central portion of Frost Town Block D, found in bottom 2.5 feet of fill inside a brick-lined Cistern (Feature 183).

fig1
Looking east at Feature 183, a large brick-lined cistern. The cistern has been bisected to expose the interior fill. This is a bottle-shaped cistern that was truncated at the shoulder (its neck and mouth were removed). The remaining portion is about 10-ft wide and 10-ft deep, and it would have held approximately 785 gallons of water. The large stoneware jug was found in the bottom 2.5-ft of fill inside the cistern.

This artifact is a 1.25-gallon stoneware jug that was found in the earthen fill inside a brick-lined cistern. For this artifact, there are two important considerations regarding its age, function, provenience (where it was found), and context (the interpretation of its age, function, and provenience). The jug has no markings on it, so the precise period of manufacture and its maker are not known. It exterior has a biege slip on the vessel body and a dark brown (Albany) slip on its neck and mouth. Its interior is a dark brown (Albany) slip.

Based on its style, we can surmise that it was made in the late nineteenth century or early twentieth century. This type of jug was a common and very useful household item at this time. It would have been sealed with a cork and used to store liquids, typically various types of drinks. Such jugs were reused over and over, much like a canteen.

This particular jug was found near the bottom of a 10-ft-wide and 10-ft-deep cistern that was on Block D of the old Frost Town community. We know from various maps and other archival records that the cistern was adjacent to a house that was occupied in the late nineteenth century by a family of German immigrants named Steiner.

There is archeological evidence that the Steiner may have been razed around the turn-of-the-century, being replaced by one or more smaller “shotgun” style houses. But it appears that the cistern remained in use up until the 1920s. In 1926-1927, the old houses in Block F were all torn down to make way for the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad terminal, (also called the MKT Railroad or Katy Railroad). The old Steiner cistern was probably filled in with sediment about this time, most likely a very quick, single filling episode. It is not certain how the stoneware jug got into the fill at the bottom. It is possible that railroad construction workers found it near the houses they were tearing down, and they threw it into the deep cistern they as they were dumping clay inside to fill it.

Inkwell

Height  =  6.0 cm (2.35 inches)
Length  =  6.7 cm (2.64 inches)
Width  =  6.1 cm (2.40 inches)
Volume  = 100 ml (3.38 fluid ounces)

Provenience:  Northwest corner of Frost Town Block D; Frost Town cultural zone deposits.

This artifact is a small glass bottle with a rectangular body and a wide mouth. The glass is light green and translucent, but it has no identifying markings. However, the mold seams and body style indicate that this jar was blown into a mold but it has an “applied lip”–meaning that the mouth and lip were finished by hand. This process for making glass bottles was common throughout the nineteenth century. The body shape indicates that this jar was used to hold India ink for writing (long before fountain pens were created), and the two long grooves across the body were holders for ink pens.

fig2
Rectangular-bodied inkwell bottle found in the cultural zone of Block D in the old Frost Town subdivision. The bottle is aqua-colored glass and it was hand-blown with a tooled bead neck finish.

Inkwell bottles were used to hold ink for artists and writers using quill pens, dip pens, or fountain pens tipped with metal nibs. Inkwells were used in American from colonial times and into the twentieth century, when their use declined rapidly as typewriters and modern pens (e.g., ballpoint) became popular.

 

 

 

 

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